The Forum was established pursuant to a decision of the International Conference on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe held in Luxembourg on May 24-25, 2007. The Forum is one of the largest non-governmental organisations uniting leading, world-renowned experts on non-proliferation of nuclear arms and arms reduction and limitation.
The Forum’s priorities are:
- To facilitate the process of arms limitation and reduction, counteract growing threats to the nuclear non-proliferation regime and erosion of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), including the escalating danger of nuclear terrorism and attempts by separate states to gain access to nuclear materials and technologies;
- To promote international peace and security through new approaches, and propose to decision-makers practical solutions to non-proliferation and critical arms control issues.
The principal guiding bodies of the Forum are the International Advisory Council (IAC) and the Supervisory Council (SC).
The International Advisory Council consists of more than 40 leading experts from many countries. IAC members make proposals on the Forum’s agenda, arrange events and participate in drafting the Forum’s final documents (declarations, memoranda, statements etc.) to be circulated to top-tier politicians, heads of international organisations and public figures around the world.
The Supervisory Council is a team of prominent politicians, public figures and world-renowned scientists, including Mohammed ElBARADEI, Director General Emeritus of the IAEA (former Director General of the IAEA, Vice President of Egypt); Hans BLIX, former Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); William PERRY, former Secretary of the U.S. Department of Defense; Gareth EVANS, Co-Chair of the International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament, former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Australia; Rolf EKEUS, former OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities; Sam NUNN, prominent U.S. politician and Co-Chair of the Nuclear Threat Initiative; Des BROWNE, Vice-President of Nuclear Threat Initiative, Founder and a Current Member of the Top Level Group of Parliamentarians for Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation; Roald SAGDEEV, RAS Fellow and Director of the East-West Centre at the University of Maryland (USA); Nikolay LAVEROV, Fellow and Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Igor IVANOV, MGIMO Professor, former Russian Minister for Foreign Affairs and Secretary of the RF Security Council; Vladimir LUKIN, Professor of the National Research University – Higher School of Economics (former Chairman of the Committee on International Relations and Deputy Chairman of the State Duma, Russian Federation; Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the United States of America; Commissioner on Human Rights for the Russian Federation). Members of the Supervisory Council advise on the activities of the Forum, a high-profile public entity aimed at strengthening international peace and security.
The Forum is headed by its President, Viatcheslav KANTOR, PhD., a prominent international public figure, philanthropist, entrepreneur and investor. Mr. Kantor leads many international public institutions. He chaired the Organising Committee of the Luxembourg Conference and has greatly contributed to the activities of the International Luxembourg Forum.
Since its inception 8 years ago, the Luxembourg Forum has held 20 conferences, seminars and workshops in Moscow, Washington, Luxembourg, Rome, Vienna, Geneva, Warsaw, Stockholm and Prague.
Forum website - http://www.luxembourgforum.org .
Presentation of the Luxembourg Forum Declaration
On December 18, 2007, the official declaration of the International Conference on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe was presented at the RIA-Novosti press centre. The Conference had been held in Luxembourg on May 24-25, 2007.
The declaration was presented by a group of experts, including Hans Blix, Chairman of the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission and former Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (via videoconference between Moscow and Stockholm); Rolf Ekeus, Board Chairman of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute and former High Commissioner on National Minorities of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe; Viatcheslav Kantor, Chairman of the Organizing Committee of the Luxembourg Conference and President of the European Jewish Congress and Russian Jewish Congress; Uzi Arad, founding head of the Institute for Policy and Strategy and Adviser to the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee; Vladimir Dvorkin, Principal Researcher of the Institute for World Economy and International Relations at the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor, retired Major General; and Sergey Oznobishchev, Director of the Institute for Strategic Assessments and Professor of the Moscow State Institute for International Relations at the Russian Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
The declaration was finalized in early December 2007, with more than forty world leading experts from fourteen countries contributing to its creation. The declaration contains proposals to prevent the collapse of the nuclear weapons non-proliferation regime and offers a set of practical steps to strengthen this regime.
During the press conference, Rolf Ekeus called the important initiative well-timed, since some rogue states are seeking to create their own full nuclear fuel cycle. According to the Peace Research Institute Chairman, we are facing the danger of true "nuclear anarchy" and the chief aim of the declaration is to prevent this scenario.
Hans Blix stated that the specific proposals incorporated in the declaration form an action plan intended to decrease the nuclear threat within the next few years. Commenting on the commencement of Russia's nuclear fuel deliveries to the Iranian power plant in Bushehr, Blix emphasized that this step and other initiatives supporting Iran's civilian nuclear program are positive developments in the process of settling the Iranian nuclear issue, provided that Iran halts its military nuclear efforts.
Viatcheslav Kantor announced the opening of a permanent Luxembourg Forum, explaining that the Forum's program envisages regular workshops and conferences on the most current and pressing issues associated with nuclear weapons proliferation. The next Forum workshop will discuss the Iranian nuclear crisis.
"The establishment of the Luxemburg Forum and associated institutes will help formulate constructive decisions based on the experts' proposals. The declaration is a roadmap on this issue. Those who disagree with it will have to confront the unanimous position of the expert global community rather than opinions of individual countries," noted Kantor.
During the discussion, Vladimir Dvorkin highlighted a growing concern in regard to the Iranian crisis. He stated that the recent U.S. intelligence report on the Iranian nuclear program gives rise to many questions. "It shows that Iran's reporting to the IAEA was even more misleading than we used to think, since it had been developing its nuclear weapons prior to 2003. We need to understand what the words stating that Iran discontinued nuclear weapons research really mean. Perhaps the research has been completed." He also stated that if the crisis is not resolved, more severe incremental sanctions must be taken against Iran.
Uzi Arad stressed that if Russia supplies fuel to Bushehr, Iran has no need to continue uranium enrichment; however, these deliveries are a test of sorts. Israel has been watching the process of construction in Bushehr and is convinced that it has helped Iran develop some of the infrastructure.
In Sergey Oznobishchev's words, "[t]he growing threat of more countries and terrorist organizations gaining access to nuclear weapons urgently calls for the creation of an impenetrable barrier against nuclear proliferation." He is convinced that, at this point, the nuclear weapons non-proliferation regime cannot be efficiently observed due to the lack of joint determination and political will among the nuclear states, rather that any lack of technology.
The Supervisory Board of the Luxembourg Forum includes high-level participants of the Luxembourg conference, in particular Hans Blix, Rolf Ekeus, Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences Academician Nikolai Laverov and former U.S. Secretary of Defense William Perry. The following prominent politicians have tentatively agreed to join the Supervisory Board: former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, Co-Chairman of the Nuclear Threat Initiative Sam Nunn and former Secretary of the Russian Federation Security Council and former Russian Foreign Affairs Minister Igor Ivanov.
On the eve of the official presentation, the declaration was circulated to heads of state throughout the world, top-tier politicians and heads of major international organizations. Among its addressees are Russian President Vladimir Putin, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, U.S. President George Bush, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, French President Nicolas Sarcozy, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, NATO Secretary General Jaap De Hoop Scheffer, President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso, and Secretary General of the Council of Europe Terry Davis.
International Conference on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe
The International Conference on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe was an unprecedented gathering of leading international experts on nuclear proliferation and the erosion of existing safeguards in this area. The Conference was held in Luxembourg on May 24-25, 2007.
The stature of its participants made the Conference the largest and most authoritative event to address the issue of nuclear non-proliferation over the last decade. The Conference brought together experts from 14 countries, including:
- MOHAMED ELBARADEI, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
- SERGEY KIRIENKO, Head of the Russian Federal Agency for Atomic Energy, former Prime Minister of the Russian Federation
- ROLF EKEUS, High Commissioner on National Minorities, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
- NIKOLAY LAVEROV, Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences
- WILLIAM PERRY, Member of the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission (WMDC), Stanford University Professor , former US Secretary of Defense
- HANS BLIX WMDC Chairman, former IAEA Director General
The Conference received wide coverage from leading media outlets around the world, including AP, AFP, BBC, CNN, DPA, EuroNews, Reuters, Time, The Independent, The Wall Street Journal, USA Today, as well as Russian news agencies ITAR-TASS, RIA Novosti, Interfax, RBC, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Kommersant, Vedomosti, Izvestia, Moskovskie Novosti, Nezavisimaya Gazeta and many others.
The Luxembourg forum was a scientific and practical gathering, free from any political bias. The discussion was held at expert level behind closed doors to avoid leaks and to ensure that participants could openly express their ideas, focusing not on detached musings but on effective, practical ways of countering one of the most dangerous threats to civilization
Conference participants discussed new challenges and threats to the Non-Proliferation Treaty and its enforcement, as well as the outlook for its development; the threat of nuclear terrorism; the issue of control over nuclear technologies and possible avenues for international cooperation in this area; enhancement of the IAEA safeguards and export control mechanisms; and the existing situation in rogue states and regions (Middle East, Korean Peninsula and South Asia).
At the end of the Conference, the scientists and experts formulated specific proposals and recommendations on addressing the nuclear security issue, and had a preliminary discussion about issuing a Conference declaration. They came to the conclusion that the final Declaration should be approved after including all amendments proposed during the course of the discussion. The Declaration will contain proposals to avoid collapse of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, as well as a number of initiatives to resolve issues surrounding the nuclear programs in North Korea and Iran. The declaration will be circulated to world leaders and prominent politicians as well as influential international organizations.
It was also suggested at the Conference that a permanent Luxembourg forum with an executive body and expert council should be founded. Once created, this will provide an efficient tool for researching and monitoring progress in the non-proliferation of nuclear technologies and materials, as well as the possibility of demonstrating to the global community the real danger of the nuclear threat, its scale and ways to prevent it.
The Forum has already held the following meetings:
1. Round Table of the International Luxembourg Forum "Mid-Term Perspective for Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation" and meeting of the Supervisory Council of the Luxembourg Forum. Prague, 2-4, 2014
Further steps towards nuclear disarmament, de-alerting of strategic arms and possibility of transition to a multilateral dialogue have been the focus of discussion. The meeting also dealt with the Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty, including accounting of nuclear material stocks, and also new forms of negotiations on non-weaponization of outer space. Moreover, the agenda of the roundtable included more efficient role of the OSCE in the European safety, preservation of the Open Skies regime and the Vienna document, and nuclear issues of Iran and North Korea.
Experts suggested to keep and develop full control over nuclear weapons not only between the US and Russia, but also all other nuclear states, finish ahead of schedule the process of reduction of strategic nuclear weapons under the Prague START treaty by 2016, reach compromise on missile defense, tactical nuclear weapon and thus to ensure success of 2015 NPT Review Conference. To this end, the Forum members proposed to make every effort to prepare and put into effect the Comprehensive agreement of the P5+1 with Iran to assure purely peaceful use of nuclear energy according to the NPT under the IAEA safeguards and within the framework of the Additional Protocol of 1997. The Forum experts called on the US, China, Egypt, India, Israel, Iran, Pakistan and North Korea, among other steps, to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty as soon as possible . Some of these recommendations have been taken into consideration by the leading states and are in the course of their policy. There is a probability of ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty before the 2015 Review Conference.
2.Round Table of the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe. Geneva, June 10-11, 2014.
3. International Luxembourg Forum’s Supervisory Board Annual Meeting. Warsaw, December 10-11, 2013.
4. Conference of the International Luxembourg Forum “Safe Tolerance Criteria for Nuclear Non-proliferation Regimes” (Montreux, May 21-22, 2013).
5. Joint Conference of the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe and the Geneva Center for Security Policy “Perspectives of Nuclear Proliferation and Disarmament”. Geneva, September 11-12, 2012.
6. International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe conference “Contemporary Problems of Nuclear Non-Proliferation”. Berlin, June 4-5 2012.
7. International Luxembourg Forum Supervisory Council Annual Meeting (Moscow, December 12-13, 2011).
8. International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe conference “Perspectives of Nuclear Proliferation and Disarmament after Entry into Force of the New START Treaty”. Stockholm, Sweden, June 13-14, 2011.
9. International Luxembourg Forum Supervisory Council Annual Meeting (Moscow, December 8-9, 2010)
10. Conference, International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe (Washington D.C., September 20-21, 2010)
11. Workshop, International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe (Vienna, April 8-9, 2010)
12. International Luxembourg Forum Supervisory Council Annual Meeting (Moscow, December 8-9, 2009)
13. Workshop, International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe (Geneva, July 3, 2009)
14. Workshop, International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe (Moscow, April 22, 2009)
15. International Luxembourg Forum Supervisory Council Annual Meeting (Moscow, December 8-9, 2008)
16. Joint Seminar of the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe and Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs (Rome, June 12, 2008)
17. Workshop of the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe (Moscow, April 14, 2008)
18. Presentation of the Luxembourg Forum Declaration (Moscow, December 18, 2007)
19. International Conference on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe (Luxembourg, May 24–25, 2007).