Experts from Luxembourg Forum And NTI Describe Key Challenges to International Nuclear Security And Means of Preventing a Crisis Of Nuclear Arms Control
WASHINGTON, D.C. / MOSCOW – On March 23, 2017, the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe and the US-based Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) presented a joint book entitled “Preventing the Crisis of the Nuclear Arms Control and Catastrophic Terrorism” in Washington, D.C.
The book contains recommendations on the most pressing issues of non-proliferation, reduction and limitation of nuclear weapons, including nuclear terrorism. The Joint Statement of the Luxembourg Forum and NTI, which has been circulated to the presidents of Russia and the United States in line with the decision adopted by the conference, is also part of the book.
During the presentation, the experts shared their vision of such topical issues as bilateral relations and cooperation between the United States and Russia on a raft of international security issues (START, ABM deployment, INF Treaty, combating nuclear terrorism, plutonium disposition), nuclear programs of North Korea and Iran, non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, etc.
“The United States and Russia need to seek a compromise on Ukraine and Syria, develop economic and R&D cooperation; however, the issue of limitation and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons has been, and will remain for a long time, the central sphere of interaction of the two states,” underscored the Luxembourg Forum president Dr. Viatcheslav Kantor.
“The Luxembourg Forum experts are concerned about worsening crisis in nuclear weapons control. The positions of the leading nuclear powers, the United States and Russia, on such issues as development and deployment of ABM systems, development and testing of high-precision conventional long-range weapons, limitation of sub-strategic nuclear arms, non-weaponization of the outer space and reduction and limitation of conventional armed forces in Europe, have never been further apart than now,” Dr. Kantor continued.
“North Korea is the only country in the world to carry out nuclear and missile tests in violation of multiple UN Security Council resolutions. With its actions, North Korea is giving its southern neighbor, Japan and the USA additional reasons to develop their anti-missile defence systems, a move that Russia and China oppose,” said the Luxembourg Forum president. “Recent proposals voiced in the South Korean National Assembly to create their own nuclear weapons, is clear evidence of this. If these initiatives gain traction, they could result in a domino effect, with other nuclear states emerging, and then the collapse of the entire nuclear non-proliferation regime would be inevitable.”
Another important issue addressed by the meeting was Iran’s nuclear program. “With respect to Iran’s nuclear program, the international community must make every effort to ensure due performance of agreements by all parties. Parties should pursue a constructive dialogue so that Iran will continue to be a nuclear weapon-free state and not resume its questionable activities in the nuclear field after expiration of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action,” noted Dr. Kantor.
The book presentation event was attended by acclaimed international experts, including Viatcheslav KANTOR, the Luxembourg Forum President; Vladimir DVORKIN, Chair of the Luxembourg Forum Organizing Committee, Principal Researcher at the Institute for World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO) of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), formerly Director of Scientific Research Institute #4 at the Russian Federation Defense Ministry; Joan ROHLFING, NTI President and Chief Operating Officer, member of the U.S. State Department Advisory Board on Military Threat Reduction, member of the International Relations Board; Des BROWNE, NTI Vice Chair and member of the Board of Directors, founder and member of the Top Level Group of UK Parliamentarians for Multilateral Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation, formerly UK Minister of Defense; Page STOUTLAND, NTI Vice President for Scientific and Technical Affairs; Robert BERLS, NTI Senior Advisor on Russia and Eurasia, formerly special assistant to the Secretary of Energy for Russia/CIS programs; Andrew BIENIAWSKI, NTI Vice President for Material Security and Minimization; Alexey ARBATOV, Deputy Chair of the Luxembourg Forum Organizing Committee, Head of the IMEMO RAS Centre for International Security, RAS Academician.
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The International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe was established pursuant to a decision of the International Conference on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe, held in Luxembourg on May 24-25, 2007. The Forum’s Advisory Board includes 49 most authoritative and world-renowned experts from 14 countries.
The Forum is one of the most representative non-governmental organizations bringing together leading international experts in non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, and arms reduction and limitation. The Forum is headed by its President, Dr. Viatcheslav Kantor. The principal guiding bodies of the Forum are Supervisory Board and the International Advisory Board.
The Forum’s priorities are to analyze threats imposed by nuclear arms proliferation and elaborate practical proposals and recommendations on the ways to further reduce nuclear arms, strengthen nuclear and missile non-proliferation regime, prevent acquisition of nuclear weapons and technologies by unstable regimes and terrorist organizations, and resolve regional nuclear crises.