Round Table of The International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe

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GENEVA, 10-11 JUNE 2014 The Luxembourg Forum experts have noticed with concern that the entire complex of key issues of nuclear non-proliferation has become a secondary matter in world policy for several reasons, including the marked aggravation in relations between the leading Western states and Russia triggered by the situation in Ukraine.

The Luxembourg Forum experts have noticed with concern that the entire complex of key issues of nuclear non-proliferation has become a secondary matter in world policy for several reasons, including the marked aggravation in relations between the leading Western states and Russia triggered by the situation in Ukraine. However, these problems have not disappeared, and ignoring them could further complicate the chances of finding positive solution. In this context the participants of the round table found it necessary to combine their efforts to overcome the stagnation in strengthening nuclear non-proliferation and to boost cooperation between leading countries in this domain regardless of the general political crisis and in spite of it. “Even prior to the crisis related to Ukraine, the processes of further nuclear arms limitation and nuclear arms control was in complete deadlock”, – President of Luxembourg Forum Mr Viatcheslav Kantor pointed out in his opening address. “In spite of consistent fulfillment of the terms and conditions of the new Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions between the United States of America and the Russian Federation, no consultations and negotiations on nuclear arms control required by the Non-Proliferation Treaty have been held. “The main reasons for this situation are related to the unforced obstacles to non-strategic nuclear weapon control, strategic precision-guided non-nuclear weapon control and missile defense control and to disagreements regarding how to settle regional crises. This situation puts the success of the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons under direct threat”, – Mr Kantor emphasized. Based on the Conference outcome the experts will present the leaders of the major countries, to the UN and other official international bodies with joint coordinated proposals on reviving talks on nuclear arms control and further reduction, and on how to settle regional nuclear issues. Participants expressed their hope that such proposals from reputable organizations cannot be ignored by the responsible leaders of the world’s leading countries. Based on these proposals they may adjust their international security policy and promote the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Leading Luxembourg Forum experts proposed including in the Final Declaration a proposal addressed to the U.S. and Russia to complete the strategic arms reduction two years earlier, by 2016 instead of 2018, as was stipulated by the new Treaty. Adoption of this proposal by the U.S. and Russia could become an incentive to restore the negotiation process. According to Mr Kantor it is advisable to focus the efforts of the Big Five nuclear powers on preparing their joint proposals to universalize the 1997 Additional Protocol prior to the 2015 Review Conference. It is important to keep this in mind during the P5+1 negotiation on the Comprehensive Solution with Iran. “Taking into account the last updates on the P5+1 negotiations with Iran in respect of the Comprehensive Solution, we believe that it is absolutely vital to formulate our view on its conditions and to support the claims to Iran in the context of this Solution”, – stated the Luxembourg Forum President. The Forum’s experts believe that it is advisable to once again remind the United States Administration and the United States Congress of the necessity of finally ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty prior to the 2015 Review Conference, thereby increasing the chances of its success. Moreover, those present proposed including in the Final Declaration a proposal to prepare a treaty prohibiting the space launch of any type of weapons, as well as the development and testing of the means of space objects’ destruction by land-based weapons, airborne weapons and sea-based weapons. Attendees will summarize all proposals received during the Conference and present them during the second day of the event. Upon the approval of the Final Declaration a conference will be held for this document to be signed by all leaders of organizations and movements attending the round table.