Vaclav Havel, Revolution Leader And Ex-Czech President, Dies At 75

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Vaclav Havel, who as Czechoslovakia’s first post-Communist president repeatedly denounced anti-Semitism, has died.

Havel died Sunday at the age of 75 after a long illness.

The dissident playwright and human rights champion helped lead Prague’s 1989 “Velvet Revolution” and was a hero in the Cold War struggle for democracy in Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe.

In 1977, he was a co-author of the human rights manifesto Charter 77, which became the catalyst for the Czech dissident cause. Just weeks after the collapse of communism, Havel was elected president of Czechoslovakia on Dec. 29, 1989.

After the Czech Republic and Slovakia separated into two countries in 1993, he was elected president of the Czech Republic and served until 2003.

Havel demonstrated his commitment to Jewish causes by making one of his first foreign trips after becoming Czechoslovak president a three-day visit to Israel in April 1990. On the trip he brought with him 180 Czech Jews. In 2010, he was one of the founding members of the Friends of Israel group of international political figures.

His last public appearance was on Dec. 10, when he met with the Dalai Lama and signed an appeal in support of dissidents around the world.

The European Jewish Congress called Havel a “great friend of the Jews” who “did much to confront anti-Semitism and teach the lessons of the dark chapter of the Holocaust during his two terms in office.”

“Having personally worked with him, I can attest to the tremendous moral qualities of President Havel,” said EJC President Moshe Kantor, who served with Havel on the European Council on Tolerance and Reconciliation. “He was a figure for a new and modern Europe to emulate. President Havel lived through communism and lead the Czech Republic to a new era, helping move his countrymen through a troubled past to a more open, free and tolerant future.

“President Havel was a true and steadfast friend of the Jewish people and will be missed by European Jewry.”