Last year showed a “considerable escalation” in global antisemitism against Jewish individuals, sites and private property, according to a report published by Israel’s Tel Aviv University Kantor Centre for the Study of Contemporary European Jewry on Sunday.
Following a two year decline after a peak in 2009, the 686 incidents of physical violence, direct threats and major acts of vandalism represent a 30 per cent increase on the number of such acts in 2011.
As the countries with the largest Jewish communities outside Israel, France, the US, the UK, Canada and Australia registered the highest number of attacks, but Hungary was also singled out as providing a potent mix of economic crisis and growth in extreme-right movements conducive to an escalation of antisemitic violence and vandalism.
A survey early last year by the Anti-Defamation League and cited by the report placed Hungary as the country with the highest number of individuals expressing antisemitic views, with 63 per cent of respondents classified as such, ahead of Spain (53 per cent) and Poland (48 per cent).
Hungary also showed the greatest increase in overall antisemitic sentiment compared with a previous similar survey in 2009, when 47 per cent were found to agree with antisemitic statements.