Experts Of The Luxembourg Forum Analyze The Results Of The 2015 Npt Review Conference And The Current State Of The Comprehensive Agreement Between The Group Of Six And Iran

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On June 9, 2015, the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe conference billed as The 2015 NPT Review Conference and the Regional Non-proliferation Issues opened in Stockholm.

The conference participants discussed the results of the 2015 NPT Review Conference, which took place on 27 April through 22 May 2015. The experts have also analyzed the agreement with Iran and ways out of North Korean nuclear crisis.

The conference is attended by the President of the Luxembourg Forum Viatcheslav Kantor; former Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Hans Blix; Member of the Supervisory Board of the Luxembourg Forum, former OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities and former Chairman of the Governing Board of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Rolf Ekéus; Member of the Supervisory Board of the Luxembourg Forum, Professor at the National Research University – Higher School of Economics, former Chairman of the Committee on International Relations and Deputy Chairman of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation (Russian Parliament) Vladimir Lukin; Senior Advisor to the OSCE Secretary General Fred Tanner; Speaker of the Riksdag (Swedish Parliament), former Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs in the Swedish Parliament Urban Ahlin; SIPRI Director Ian Anthony; Director of the Non-proliferation and Disarmament Program, International Institute for Strategic Studies in London, Mark Fitzpatrick; Director of James Martin Center for Non-proliferation Studies, Professor, Monterey Institute of International Studies, Ph.D., William Potter; Chairman of the Organizing Committee of the Luxembourg Forum, Principal Researcher at the Center for International Security, IMEMO RAS, Vladimir Dvorkin and many other experts in nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament, representatives of accredited international organizations, resolving issues of the weapons control and nuclear non-proliferation.

In his opening speech, the President of the Luxembourg Forum Viatcheslav Kantor emphasized that the conference was scheduled so that the participants could analyze the results of the 2015 NPT Review Conference, with anticipation that the final provisions of the Comprehensive Agreement between the Group of Six and Iran would be outlined with sufficient certainty.

According to Viatcheslav Kantor, the conference, nevertheless, failed to adopt the final document. The principal stumbling block in the course of discussions was the issue of convening the conference on establishment of a Middle East zone free of all weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East.

“I cannot now estimate the consequences of this event,” the Luxembourg Forum President said. “Clearly, it does not strengthen the nuclear non-proliferation regime. However, we still have to determine to what extent the Non-Proliferation Treaty remains robust, or whether it is under the threat of dramatic weakening.”

“I believe that based on findings of our analysis will be able to develop recommendations for further steps to preserve and strengthen the nuclear non-proliferation regime,” Kantor added.

The Luxembourg Forum President emphasized that in the course of their events the Forum experts repeatedly analyzed the issue of establishing a Middle East zone free of all weapons of mass destruction, and recommended sufficiently flexible language in final documents of the Luxembourg Forum conferences. “It was proposed to approach this issue step-by-step and first of all free this region from chemical and biological weapons, and consider removal of nuclear weapons at further stages, however only after normalization of the military political situation,” Viatcheslav Kantor stated.

Traditionally, the final document will be prepared based on the results of the conference. It will include main conclusions and recommendations to be circulated to the heads of state, officials and heads of accredited international organizations after the conference.

This conference of the Luxembourg Forum is its 20th event. Previous Forum’s events took place in many world capitals, including Moscow, Rome, Vienna, Stockholm, Washington, Berlin, Prague and Warsaw.